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Types of fostering
There are different types of foster care depending on the needs of both the child and their family. These include short-term care for just a few days or weeks, to long-term placements, as well as care for disabled children or children with behavioural problems.
Categories of foster care
When children need somewhere safe to stay for a few nights
When carers look after children for a few weeks or months, while plans are made for the child's future
When disabled children, children with special needs or children with behavioural difficulties regularly stay for a short time with a family, so that their parents or usual foster carers can have a break
When young people are remanded by a court to the care of a specially trained foster carer
Not all children who need to permanently live away from their birth family want to be adopted, so instead they go into long-term foster care until they are adults
'Family and friends' or 'kinship'
A child who is the responsibility of the local authority goes to live with someone they already know, which usually means family members such as grandparents, aunts and uncles or their brother or sister
For children and young people with very complex needs and/or challenging behaviour
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To adopt your wife's or husband's child or a relative who normally lives in the UK you will need to tell your local council that you plan to adopt at least three months before starting your adoption application with the court
In some cases a full adoption effected outside the UK will be recognised under UK law. A full adoption under the Convention and a full adoption effected in a country that is on the designated list will both be recognised under UK law, so there is no need to apply for an adoption order in respect of the child in the UK.
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