Basic employment rights
Your employment rights are protected by law to stop you from being exploited or treated badly. Find out more what your basic employment rights are and where you can go for help and advice if you have a problem.
Pay and Work Rights Helpline
Pay and Work Rights Helpline
The Helpline takes calls in over 100 languages - telephone 0800 917 2368
The Pay and Work Rights Helpline can help you with questions or complaints on:
- the National Minimum Wage (NMW)
- The Agricultural Minimum Wage
- working for any employment agency
- workinghour limits
- working for a gangmaster (an agent who finds you work in agriculture, forestry, food processing and packaging or shellfish processing)
The Helpline takes calls in over 100 languages.
National Minimum Wage
Most workers are entitled to be paid at least the National Minimum Wage (NMW). It makes no difference whether you work full time,part time, in a permanent job,on a short-term contract, for an agency or directly for an employer.
If you are paid by the number of things you make or tasks you do, this is called piece or output work. You are still entitled to the NMW for piece work.
If you work in agriculture, you have different rightsfrom other workers. You could be entitled to the Agricultural Minimum Wage and other allowances. You also have different rules for calculating your holiday and sick pay entitlement.
Agricultural work can be many different things, including, for example:
- any activity on a farm
- growing and harvesting food, fruit bulbs, plants or flowers
- using land for grazing, orchards or woodland
If you use an employment agency to find work, you have certain rights. These make sure the agency cannot exploit you.
Deductions from wages
Deductions can only lawfully be taken from your wages if:
- they are legally required or authorised (eg tax and National Insurance)
- they are allowed byyour employment contract- you must have a copy of the contracttermwhich allows the deduction, or a written explanation of it, before the deduction is made
- you have agreed in writing before the deduction is made
If your employer is making deductions from your pay, you should check that they are allowed to. Your employer cannot make any deduction or take a payment from you which reduces your pay below NMW rates even if they have your permission to do so.
A gangmaster is an individual or a business who supplies labour (workers) to the following areas:
- fish processing
- gathering shellfish
- packaging or processing food or drink products
Gangmasters who supply workers must be licensed by the Gangmasters Licensing Authority (GLA). The GLA regulates these businesses andensures they respect your employment rights.
You should not have to work more than an average of 48 hoursin a workingweek unless you choose to. This includes any overtime. You are entitled to have a minimum of one day off per week. If you work for more than six hours a day you should have a rest break of at least 20 minutes.
If you use a labour provider, they must keep a written record to show you have agreed to work any additional hours.
Other employment rights
08457 474 747
You could also have other rights at work, for example the right to have an employment contract. If you need help with any of these rights, you can contact the Acas (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service) Helpline for free, confidential and impartial advice. The Helpline takes calls in over 100 languages.
Your employment contract
An employment contract is an agreement between you and your employer. If you have been employed for over one month, by law you must be given a written statement of your terms and conditions. You should receive this within two months of starting work, even if you are going to work for them for less than two months.
Generally, your employer needs your permission to change the terms and conditions of your contract.
You should always check your employment contract to see what you are entitled to. If your employment contract says you should get something more than the statutory minimum (eg higher pay than the National Minimum Wage),your employer must give this to you.
You should receive an individual written payslip on or before the day you are paid. This must show your 'gross pay' (before tax) and your 'take home pay' (after tax and other deductions).
Deductions which can change weekly (eg tax and National Insurance) should be listed on each payslip. Any deductions which remain the same can be listed once a year.
You could be entitled to Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) if you are away from work on sick leave for four days or more in a row. This guarantees that you will be paid a minimum amount while you are ill.
You are entitled to a minimum amount of holiday a year, starting from your first day at work. This includes part-time and fixed-termworkers.
Health and safety
Your employer has a legal responsibility for your health and safety at work. Free of charge, you should receive:
- health and safety information
- protective clothing
Any accommodation provided by your employer or labour provider should meet current legislation.
If you use a labour provider to find work, your labour provider and labour user (the person you do work for) must agree who will be responsible for managing your health and safety. This agreement must be in writing.
Work and families
Most workers can take paid time off work for the birth or adoption of a child. The amount of time you can take depends onwhether you are the mother orfather and how long you have been with the employer.
You mayhave the right to request to work flexibly or totake a certain amount of unpaid time off to look after your children.
Problems at work
If you have a problem or dispute at work, there are different ways for you and your employer to try to resolve it.
You must be legally entitled to work in the UK and should have, or have applied for a valid National Insurance number.
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