Alcohol and crime
What is 'alcohol-related crime'?
'Alcohol-related crime' is a term used to refer to two types of offences:
- Alcohol-defined offences include offences involving drunkenness, such as driving under the influence
- Offences in which alcohol consumption may be a contributing cause of the offence. Examples include assault, breach of the peace, criminal damage and other public order offences.
In which serious crimes does alcohol play a factor?
According to the National Probation Service, "alcohol is a factor related to a lot of crimes including many assaults, murder and rape cases (between 50 and 80%)".
What impact does alcohol have on anti-social behaviour?
In addition to criminal conduct, alcohol is routinely a factor in general anti-social behaviour, which adversely affects people’s quality of life.
In 2012, a Drinkaware report stated that "around 40 per cent of patients admitted to A&E are diagnosed with alcohol-related injuries or illnesses, many of which result from binge drinking".
The British Crime Survey reports on, among other things, anti-social behavioural trends. In 2011, 24 per cent of adults in England and Wales reported individuals being drunk or disorderly in public places as "a fairly big problem" (or worse) in their locality.
How are alcohol-related offences handled?
The majority of drunkenness offences are dealt with by way of Penalty Notices for Disorder.
These are more minor offences, which do not result in the dispensation of criminal penalties by the courts.
In 2011, there were 36,000 notices for being 'drunk and disorderly', approximately 2,000 for being 'drunk in a highway' and 'consumption of alcohol in a designated public place' and 3,000 pertaining to licensing regulations connected to selling alcohol to minors or intoxicated persons.
A court order is a ruling by a court, usually made by a judge or panel of judges, that often declares that something must be done or that something should not be done. As it is an order from a court, the order carries the force of law, and a failure to comply with a court order can often result in a contempt of court charge, or a variety of punishments.
The subject of assisted suicide is one of the most debated and controversial legal and moral issues of our time. Whilst there can really be no ‘right’ answer morally as to whether an individual should be able to choose the right to die, or whether somebody who assists a person who wants to die should be punished, in legal terms an answer must be provided so people are aware if the act is punishable.
Phone hacking has come under public scrutiny recently since major newspapers have been found to be intercepting the messages of celebrities and other high-profile individuals. But what exactly does the law say about phone hacking?
The threat of violent crime with the use of weapons is becoming ever more prominent in modern society. Therefore, it is important that there are sufficient laws in place to deter and punish offenders.
A hoax 999 call is when a person deliberately calls the emergency services, including the fire, police and ambulance services, to falsely inform them that there is an emergency when in fact there is not.
On 1 October 2008, the offence of incitement was abolished; however, before then it was a common-law offence committed by ‘inciting’ (threatening, persuading, encouraging, pressurising) another person to commit a crime.
Human trafficking describes when people are taken against their will in order to be exploited. It is essentially forcing somebody to be a slave and is, therefore, illegal in the UK and almost anywhere in the world.
The Bribery Act is an act of Parliament that has been implemented into UK law in order to not only prevent various forms and elements of bribery, but also to open up how firms conduct their business, and make sure appropriate safeguards are in place to avoid any dishonest activities.
Stalking is a term used to describe a type of harassment. If you believe you are a victim of stalking, it is important to become familiar with the laws that are in place to protect you and the precautions you can take to protect yourself.
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